START II was effectively frozen following the United States in 2002. Withdrawal from the ABM contract. START III Framework Russia denies violating the agreement and has raised its own concerns about Washington`s compliance. Moscow has accused the United States of placing a missile defense system in Europe that could also be used to launch cruise missiles, using targets for missile tests with characteristics similar to those of the FCI Treaty, and manufacturing armed drones equivalent to ground-mounted cruise missiles. On October 4, 2018, President Donald Trump announced his intention to „denounce“ the agreement citing Russia`s non-compliance and concerns about Chinese missiles, and on December 4, Foreign Secretary Mike Pompeo declared russia a „material violation“ of the treaty. The Trump administration officially informed the other states parties in February. 2, both that it suspends its treaty obligations and would withdraw from the agreement in six months, in accordance with the terms of the treaty, and that it would „terminate“ the agreement, unless Russia returns to compliance by eliminating its 9M729 missiles on the ground. 1. The visa facilities provided for in this Agreement shall apply to citizens of the European Union and the Russian Federation only to the extent that they are not exempt from the visa requirement by the laws and regulations of the Russian Federation, the Community or the Member States, of this Agreement or other international instruments. The IIA navigator will be constantly adapted following the review and comments of UN Member States.
It is mainly based on information provided by governments on a voluntary basis. A contract is included in a country`s IIA census as soon as it is formally concluded; Contracts whose negotiations have been concluded but not signed are not accounted for. A contract is excluded from the IIA`s census as soon as its termination takes effect, as soon as it continues to have a legal effect on certain investments during its survival period („sunset“). In case of renewal of a contract, only one of the contracts between the same parties is counted. Depending on the situation, the counted treaty may be the old one if it remains in force until the ratification of the newly concluded IIA. Although every effort is made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the content, UNCTAD assumes no responsibility for any errors or omissions in such data. The information and texts contained in the database are for purely informative purposes and have no official or legal status.