These policy objectives can only be achieved if a number of important international environmental agreements are actively supported and properly implemented, both at Union level and worldwide. The Union has already ratified many international environmental agreements, both at global level (multilateral agreements negotiated under the auspices of the United Nations) and at regional level (e.g. B in the framework of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe or the Council of Europe) and at subregional level (e.g. B for the management of transboundary seas or rivers). Many multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) set up a monitoring body for the agreement. Australia is known for its wide variety of animal species and diverse environment, which includes beaches, deserts and mountains, and climate change is a major problem. The country lies beneath the world`s largest hole in the ozone layer, with environmental impacts. Australia`s proximity to Antarctica raises concerns about sea level rise and changes in sea currents that influence climate. Most environmental problems are cross-border in nature and often global in scope, and they can only be effectively addressed through international cooperation.
That is why the Treaty of Lisbon states that one of the main objectives of EU environmental policy is to promote action at international level to address regional or global environmental problems and, in particular, to combat climate change. The Union shall be actively involved in the preparation, ratification and implementation of multilateral environmental agreements. In addition, the main agreements to facilitate the overview have also been grouped according to general environmental issues, in accordance with the structure of the site plan. There are many more MEAs than in this manual. In addition to far-reaching conventions such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), there are agreements on certain subjects, such as the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species, as well as on certain regions, the Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea against Pollution. These are not controlled by the organs of the United Nations, but by specialised organisations set up by the conventions. The action programme also contains a horizontal priority objective to help the Union address international environmental and climate challenges more effectively. . .